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What is the exact geographical scope of the new EU ETS regulation?

The new EU ETS regulation restricting EU ETS to intra-European flights for the period 2013-2016 and exempting small emitters below 1,000 tCO2 for the period 2013-2020 came into force today after its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

This means that only flights operated between airports located in the European Economic Area (EEA) must be reported. Extra-European flights (flights between the EEA and third countries, and vice-versa) do not have to be reported.

List of EEA Member States

Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom.

List of European territories also included in the EEA: Ceuta, Melilla, Aland Islands, Gibraltar and Jan Mayen.

Flights between any aerodromes located in the EEA and offshore installations located outside territorial waters, such as oil and gas production or exploration platforms, also remain fully covered under the EU ETS.

Note that Basle-Mulhouse (LFSB) is considered to be in France.

EEA outermost regions

Although they are part of the EEA, flights between the EEA outermost regions and any other EEA area or third countries are fully excluded from the scheme.

The EEA outermost regions are: Azores, Canary Islands, French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Madeira, Martinique, Réunion and Saint-Martin. Mayotte joined on 1 January 2014.

Important note: Flights operated within the same EEA outermost region must still be reported.

Indicative list of airports in the EEA outermost regions:
  • French Guiana: SOCA, SOGS, SOOO
  • Guadeloupe: TFFR
  • Madeira: LPMA, LPPS
  • Martinique: TFFF
  • Reunion: FMEE, FMEP
  • Saint-Martin: TFFG


Flights operated between January and December 2013 between the EEA and Croatia must be reported and allowances surrendered. Flights operated between Croatia and third countries must not be reported.

Since Croatia joined the EEA on 1 July 2013, domestic flights operated in 2013 within Croatia between 1 July and 31 December 2013 must be reported but allowances shall not be surrendered. All domestic flights within Croatia operated in 2014 must be reported and allowances surrendered.

Read more information on Croatia

Difference with 2012 'stop-the-clock'

The new geographical scope of EU ETS is smaller than the 2012 'stop-the-clock' scope:
  • Flights between the EEA and Switzerland must no longer be reported
  • Flights between the EEA and the EEA overseas territories must no longer be reported
  • Flights between the EEA and the EEA outermost regions must no longer be reported
  • Flights between the EEA and the European microstates (*) must no longer be reported
There is no longer an option to report extra-European flights in order to receive additional free allowances. Only intra-European flights can be reported.

(*) Andorra, Monaco, Vatican and San Marino

European territories not included in the scope

The following European territories are not considered to be part of the EEA: Greenland, Faroe Islands, Svalbard, Guernsey, Jersey, Isle of Man, Akrotiri and Dhekelia.

Consequently, flights between the EEA and these territories must not be reported.

> Read more on the new EU ETS regulation
Download the new EU ETS regulation
Download the FAQ from the European Commission
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