Divergent views of ICAO States point to the difficulty in achieving an international consensus on emissions schemes
Working paper submissions by ICAO Member States for consideration by this year’s Assembly show a divergence of opinions on the issue of market-based measures (MBMs) and highlights the difficulty in forming a consensus around the climate change resolution to be discussed this Thursday (26th). Whilst the majority of the working papers show some support for a global MBM, many States remain unhappy with national or regional schemes such as the EU ETS, which, they say, should only be implemented on a mutual consent basis. Although the principle is generally opposed by others, African countries are also seeking a de minimis exemption from such schemes. Russia goes even further and opposes MBMs in principle, arguing that they are unlikely to result in real reductions in aviation emissions. Instead, it proposes a global aviation fuel tax and the offering of economic incentives.
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