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EU ETS 'stop-the-clock' to be extended to 2026; free allowances to be phased out in 2026


On 6 December 2022, the European Parliament and the European Council came to a compromise regarding the future of EU ETS from 2023 and the implementation of CORSIA in Europe as part of the ‘Fit for 55' proposal by the European Commission to reduce net greenhouse gas emissions by at least 55% by 2030 compared to 1990.

The key points of the compromise are as follows:
  • Extension of the 'stop-the-clock' mechanism until 2026. EU ETS will continue to apply to flights within the EU/EEA and departing flights to Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
  • Application of CORSIA on extra-European flights only (international flights between EU/EEA and third countries participating in CORSIA)
  • In 2026, the Commission will carry out an assessment of CORSIA to see if it is sufficiently delivering on the goals of the Paris Agreement. Subject to the outcome of this assessment, the Commission will make a legislative proposal, which could extend the scope of EU ETS to 'departing extra-European flights' if CORSIA is not sufficiently aligned with the Paris Agreement.
  • Gradual phasing out of free allowances for the aviation sector during the 2024-2026 period:
    • 25% reduction in 2024
    • 50% reduction in 2025
    • 100% reduction in 2026
  • New support scheme to speed up & incentivize the use of Sustainable Aviation Fuels (SAF): 20 million quotas set aside to cover Sustainable Aviation Fuels (SAF) price differential.
  • 5 million allowances transferred to an innovation fund
  • New system for airlines to monitor, report and verify non-CO2 emissions and climate effects of aviation to be proposed by the Commission in 2025.
  • European Commission to make a legislative proposal to deal with non-CO2 emissions by 2028.
Next steps

The political agreement must now be formally adopted. Once this process is completed by the European Parliament and the Council, the new rules will be published in the Official Journal of the European Union and enter into force with immediate effect (from the 2024 monitoring period).

> Read 'European Parliament and Council reach compromise agreement on changes to the Aviation EU ETS' by GreenAir Online

> Read the Press Release from the European Council annoucing the compromise
Read our initial summary of the Fit for 55 proposal for aviation 
Read our summary of the amendments proposed by the European Parliament

> Visit the European Commission website on EU ETS for aviation
Visit the European Green Deal website
Read the Press Release from the European Commission initially presenting the European Green Deal
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