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Swiss ETS

Aircraft operators that operated flights within Switzerland and from Switzerland to EEA countries are required to submit a verified tonne-kilometer report to the FOEN before 31st March 2019


Switzerland and the European Union (EU) are seeking to link their respective emissions trading schemes. Once the two emissions trading schemes have been formally linked, aircraft operators are to also be integrated into the Swiss emissions trading scheme.

Before civil aviation can be incorporated into the scheme, it will be necessary for the involved aircraft operators to collect tonne-kilometre data, which will be required for calculating the allocation of emission rights without charge to the aircraft operators. In order for the tonne-kilometre data to be correctly collected in 2018, the aircraft operators have to prepare a monitoring plan by not later than 30 September 2017, in which they describe the methodology, competencies and quality assurance model for the acquisition of the data.

For the preparation of their monitoring plan, aircraft operators are required to use a template provided by the Federal Office for the Environment (FOEN), which is based on the template provided by the EU.

In principle, all operators of aircraft that fly within Switzerland, or from Switzerland to destinations in the European Economic Area (EEA), are required to submit a monitoring plan to the FOEN for verification. The requirement does not apply to aircraft that fly over Switzerland without landing there.

In the Ordinance, the airport Basel-Mulhouse has a special standing as a French and Swiss airport depending on the ICAO code used. As per this letter to the aircraft operators, the rule has changed. Basel-Mulhouse (both LFSB and LSZM) is now fully under EU ETS (as it always was) and is viewed as a French airport even when using the Swiss ICAO code.

Please note that if you were subject to EU ETS in 2016 and you have operated any number of flights within Switzerland or between Switzerland and the EEA countries, you are required to submit the TK report as the de minimis rules do not apply to you.


What is the scope of the Swiss ETS TKM monitoring?

Tonne-kilometre data have to be acquired for the following flights:
a. domestic flights
b. flights from Switzerland to member states of the European Economic Area (EEA)

* Airport Basel-Mulhouse (MLH, BSL, LFSB, LSZM) is considered to be French airport in both EU ETS and Swiss ETS - even when the Swiss ICAO code is used!

Which are the operators that are required to submit verified 2018 Swiss TKM Report?

Commercial operators:
 - performed in each of three successive four month periods at least 243 flights covered by the Ordinance
 - OR if their total annual emissions of CO2 are at least 10,000 tonnes
 - OR if they were subject to the EU ETS in 2016

Non-commercial operators:
 - if their total annual emissions of CO2 from flights covered by the Ordinance are at least 1,000 t
 - OR if they were subject to the EU ETS in 2016

What are the flight exemptions?

The flight exemptions are exactly the same as in EU ETS:
- presidential (monarch) flights
- military, customs and police flights
- search and rescue, firefighting, humanitarian and emergency medical service flights
- VFR
- circular flights
- training flights
- scientific research
- testing and certification flights
- flights performed by aircraft with MTOM less than 5,700 kg

How to calculate your Tonne-kilometres?

tkm = distance [km] x payload [t]

- distance = GCD + 95 km
- payload = conveyed freight + mail + passengers + baggage

What are the payload details and rules?

The number of passengers corresponds to the number of people on board excluding crew members. The aircraft operators may choose to apply:
     - actual or standard mass for pax and checked baggage as per mass and balance documentation
     - default value 100 kg for each pax and his baggage

The weight of pallets, containers and service weight must be excluded from the payload.

Visit the FOEN website or contact climate@bafu.admin.ch for more information and Monitoring Plan template.